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Open Access in India – Timeline - Centre for Internet and Society, Bangalore, India 9 April 2011 (Draft) Table of Contents

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Open Access in India – Timeline


  • Pramana, the physics journal of IASc, goes open access


  • Meeting on Public Access to Indian Geographical Data, held on 14–15 July 1999 at the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore.

  • Mysore University, influenced by Ed Fox of Virginia Tech, planned building an ETD repository.


  • Stevan Harnad spoke about ‘Scholarly Skywriting’ at a conference on Advances in Information Access and Science Communication, MSSRF, Chennai, 16-17 September 2000.


  • The Indian Academy of Sciences convened a meeting in April 2001, where it was decided to encourage Indian S&T journal publishers to adopt electronic publishing.


  • Two three-day workshops for editors of S&T journals were held at the Indian Institute of Science during 8-10 and 13-15 March 2002, with Dr Leslie Chan and Ms Barbara Kirsop of the Electronic Publishing Trust for Development as the resource persons.

  • India's first institutional repository, EPrints@IISc was set up by Dr T B Rajasekhar of the National Centre for Science Information, Indian Institute of Science.


  • A special session on open access was organized as part of the Annual General Meeting of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA), held at the National Chemical Laboratory, Pune.

  • INSA signed the Berlin Declaration.

  • The Indian Medlars Centre commenced hosting open access versions of many Indian medical journals.


  • MSSRF organized two three-day workshops on setting up institutional repositories using EPrints software with the help of Dr Leslie Carr of the University of Southampton, Dr Leslie Chan, Dr D K Sahu, and Dr T B Rajasekhar.

  • The birth of three other Indian repositories: Librarians Digital Library, the first DSpace-based repository of India; and the repositories of National Aerospace Laboratories and Indian Institute of Astrophysics.


  • The birth of six other repositories - Electronic theses repository of IISc, OpenMed@NIC , Raman Research Institute Digital Repository, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi and Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode.


  • Alma Swan spoke at the Annual Meeting of the Indian Science Congress Association held at Hyderabad. Also, she met a small group at ICRISAT and spoke about the advantages of open access institutional repositories

  • Informatics India launched Open J Gate.

  • International workshop on Electronic Publishing and Open Access was held in Bangalore. A national policy document for developing countries that could be used by governments or their science-funding organizations to speed up the scientific progress was produced at the end of the workshop.

  • NIT Rourkela mandated open access to local research output.

  • National Knowledge Commission recommended Open Access.

  • Four more repositories: Indhira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, National Institute of Oceanography, INFLIBNET and National Institute of Antarctic and Ocean Research.


  • Two more repositories: National Centre for Catalysis Research and Vidhyanidhi, electronic theses and dissertation repository.


  • All 17 journals published by National Institute of Science Communication and Information Research (NISCAIR) became open access .

  • Open Source Drug Discovery (OSDD) was launched.

  • INSA convened a half-day brainstorming meet on open access, FOSS and copyright law for scholarly communication and literary work on 26 April 2008.

  • Two institutional repositories launched: Cochin University of Science and Technology and Madurai Kamaraj Univeristy.


  • A memorandum was sent by CSIR headquarters to directors of all 37 CSIR laboratories on 6 February 2009 requesting them to set up institutional open access repositories in each one of the laboratories.

  • The Centre for Internet and Society was represented by the authors of this report at the International Repositories Workshop jointly hosted by JISC, UKOLN and SURF Foundation and held at Amsterdam.

  • Centre for Internet and Society (CIS) and CSIR jointly hosted a one-day conference on open access, in Delhi, which was attended by over 100 participants. Prof. John Willinsky of the Public Knowledge Project, and Dr Leslie Chan, University of Toronto, were the key speakers.

  • CIS and NAL jointly hosted a one-day conference at NAL, Bangalore, where Prof. Balaram moderated a discussion and Sunil Abraham spoke about copyright and open access.

  • The Wellcome Trust and DBT formed an Alliance to support outstanding Indian biomedical scientists with fellowships. All fellows are required to make the research outputs open access.

  • I0 more repositories launched: University of Kashmir, Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology, National Metallurgical Laboratory, Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Central Drug Research Institute, ICRISAT institutional Repository and two electronic theses and dissertations repository from NIT Rourkela and CSIR.

  • ICRISAT Mandated open access to local research outputs through institutional repository.


  • Six repositories were launched: Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Indian Institute of Spices Research, Delhi Technological University, Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment and a subject repository OpenAgri from ICAR.

  • NIO Goa mandated open access to all institutional research outputs


  • UNESCO–CIS Seminar on Open Access March 2011, New Delhi

  • Two repositories: Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (Also mandated open access to lnstititutional research outputs) and Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee.

  • This report will be submitted to CIS

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